Belonging to the family of Munda languages, Kharia is mainly spoken by the indigenous Kharia people residing in the eastern region of India. Although remotely, but it is quite related to the language of called Juang.
The regions where Kharia language is spoken by some people are the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, Assam, Tripura, the Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Other than this, it is also spoken by minor groups in the neighboring country of Nepal.
According to the census of 2001 in India, there are approximately 2,50,000 native speakers of Kharia language. Coming to the geographical distribution of Kharia language, in Jharkhand, it is spoken in the Simdega district as well as the Gumla district; in Chhattisgarh, it is spoken in the Raigarh and Surguja districts; and in Odisha, it is spoken in the Sundargarh district.
Kharia language shares close ties with other languages like Mundari, Oriya, Hindi, as well as Kurukh.