Uterus is an organ in the female body located in the female body in the pelvis, it is a hollow organ that is shaped like an upside down pear, and is also known as the womb, which is the organ responsible for fetal development, until a woman gives birth to an offspring. Uterine cancer is the rapid spread of abnormal cells in any of the uterine tissues of the organ.
While there are no established substantial causes of uterine cancer, there are still some risk factors that come to fore. These risk factors in females include conditions such endometrial overgrowth in women, obesity, wherein they are overweight with respect to age and height, women who have had their first menstrual cycle before the age of 12, who have never had children, who have had their menopause after the age of 55, have undergone estrogen therapy, whose pelvis has been exposed to radiations, who have been taking tamoxifen, who have a family history of uterine cancer, or the lynch syndrome.
Coming to the symptoms of uterine cancer, the most common ones are vaginal bleeding in absence of menstrual cycles or even after menopause, vaginal discharge, or peculiar pains during urination or sex, alongside having frequent pelvic pains.
The doctors can diagnose uterine cancer with the help of a chest x-ray, biopsy, CT scans, MRI scans, or pelvic exam or a conduction of an ultrasound. The stages of uterine cancer range from 0 to IV, with higher the stage being the more advanced level of the cancer in the body.
After determining the type and stage of uterine cancer, doctors then adhere to the treatment, which includes options like surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, or chemotherapy. If the chosen form of treatment is surgery, organs like uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, part of the vagina, as well as the adjacent lymph nodes are liable to be removed based on the spread of cancer in the body. Even after the treatment, follow ups are mandatory in order to prevent a uterine cancer relapse and also in order to prevent any other forms of complications, which can be dealt with rightly if diagnosed earlier.
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