27th of February marks the death anniversary of one of the youngest revolutionaries of India from the struggle to independence days, Chandra Shekhar Azad. Born on the 23rd of July in the year 1906, in Bhavra, a small village located in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, Chandra Shekhar Azad was a renowned and significant entity during India’s freedom struggle, who gave a new shape to the Hindustan Republican Association, after the demise of the founder of the association, Ram Prasad Bismil and other important leaders of the association, that is, Rajendra Nath Lahiri, Roshan Singh as well as Ashfaqulla Khan. Originally, his full name was Chandra Shekhar Tiwari.
He restarted and restructured the association with a new name: Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, and ever since then had acted as the chief strategist for it. He was also known to be a great influence on Shaheed Bhagat Singh’s life, and also acted as the latter’s mentor in his freedom struggle.
The term “Azad” got added to his name on its own accord, as during the non-cooperation movement, Chandra Shekhar, who was just 15 years old and still an active participant in the movement, got arrested, and when he was produced in front of a magistrate, he said his name was “Azad,” which means “liberated.”
Ever since then he became famous in history with the name Chandra Shekhar Azad, or simply Azad. He had made a pledge that no one(police or enemies) would catch him alive, and staying true to that, he shot himself using the last bullet of his gun, after he killed three policemen and a long battle of firing took place between both the parties. He passed away on 27th February, 1931 in Allahabad at the age of just 24. The pistol with which Chandra Shekhar Azad had shot himself dead, was a colt pistol, which is now put for display for tourist viewing at the Allahabad Museum. When the young revolutionary’s body was being cremated in 1931, many people from the general public who were not previously informed about his demise gathered at the spot, and chanted slogans against the British raj and supported Azad.