The Geological Survey of India was established on the 5th of March in the year 1851, and is located in Calcutta (now Kolkata). Commonly known as GSI, the Geological Survey of India is attached to the Ministry of Mines, and is one of the oldest government offices in the country. In fact, in the list of such government organizations in the whole world, the GSI is actually included as one of the oldest of the lot, and in India, it happens to be the second oldest survey of its kind.
The main reason the Geological Survey of India is such an important organization is the simple fact that it conducts geological surveys and studies, and thus, is the primary body to provide the government, the industries, as well as the general public with all information related to basic earth science. It is also the primitive body to study about international geoscientific fora, power industries, cements, metals, vibrant steel, coal, etc.
The concept of establishing the Geological Survey of India dates back to the British era, when the British government formed many committees, one of which was the Coal Committee, to mainly study about the availability and accessibility of coal in the eastern region of the country. Later, after the establishment of the Geological Survey of India, the studies of basic earth sciences intensified, and the GSI began its studies on seismology, providing analytics on all earthquakes in the 19th as well as 20th century. The first director of the GSI was Thomas Oldham, whose tenure lasted from 1851 to 1876, and the last director was called W.D. West, whose tenure spanned between 1945 to 1951.
As on today, there are also many geological parks located in India, some of the most prominent ones from the lot being, the Saketi Fossil Park, located in Kala Amb, which is closer to the union territory of Chandigarh in north India; the Nehru Park, located in Hyderabad, in the newly formed south Indian state of Telangana; the National Fossil Wood Park, located in Tiruvakkarai; and the National Fossil Wood Park, located in Sathanur, in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu, among others.
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