Hepatitis A was formerly known as Infectious Hepatitis. This is an acute liver disease caused by the Hepatitis A Virus. The disease is such that it hardly includes noticeable symptoms, and in cases where symptoms do exist, they are only few in numbers and are often left unattended since they don’t appear that serious at first. Although a liver disease, it is said that the illness causes acute liver failure only in elders and there are very few cases where the younger patients have suffered severe liver failure.
Coming to the symptoms caused by this virus, common signs include fever, vomiting, nausea, fatigue, abdominal pain, diarrhea, as well as jaundice. It has been studied that approximately 20% of the people who are infected by the virus suffer recurrences of these symptoms throughout the first six months since the time they become infected. Technically the Hepatitis has five viruses, described as Hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E.
It is said that if a person is infected once, they become immune to the virus for the rest of their lives. Coming to the ways the virus can be transmitted, they can be through the intake of water or food that has infectious feces in them. Additionally, it is said that the symptoms are barely noticeable at the first stage when it comes to children. However, an infected child is totally likely to transmit the infection into another human being. Similarly, the easiest way of transmission of this virus is through human contact wherein one infected person can simply transfer the infection into another being.
According to statistics, the cases of this illness are more in those areas of the world where there is poor sanitation and unfit drinking water. Also, kids are the ones who are mostly affected by this infection, by age 10. With vaccination however, they become totally immune to the disease towards adulthood.
Coming to the prevention and treatment of this illness, infections can be prevented with the help of vaccination against Hepatitis A, which is effective throughout the life. The WHO recommends the vaccination for young kids as well.
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