Blood is a specialized body fluid the delvers necessary substances to all parts of body such as oxygen, nutrients and transports waste material away from the body. Blood has different components such as red blood cells, platelets, white blood cells, and plasma that assist the body to work. Similarly, if the blood is not functions to the blood cells or its progress is slow and weakens the system, then the urine and Blood samples may be tested for various substances, called tumor markers, which may indicate the cancer.
Causes of Blood cancer:
- Exposure to high doses of radiation (such as in radiotherapy for another cancer)
- Exposure to harmful chemical like benzene, one of the harmful chemicals used in petrol and as a in the plastics and rubber industry.
- Diseases that affect the immune system (such as HIV positive)
- Human T-cell Leukemia Virus
- Genetic disordered like Schwachman-Diamond syndrome, Fanconi anemia, and Down syndrome (chromosomal abnormalities).
Symptoms of Blood cancer:
- Loss in weight.
Treatment of Blood Cancer:
Well in Treatment decisions are based on the types and subtypes of leukemia the patient have, the patient’s age, its stage, and other general heath condition.
Basically there are of two types of blood cancer such as:
Treatment for acute Blood Cancer (Leukemia):
In this type of blood cancer, leukemia cells have been destroyed and are replaced with the healthy cells. The cells can be destroy by giving high doses of powerful drugs which may be given over a period of time from about a week to a month, depending on the type of blood cancer. Then it takes several weeks for the patient body to start growing new blood cells. During this, the patient probably will stay in the hospital and this can take a month or longer etc.
Treatment if acute Blood Cancer (Leukemia) gets worse: In this treatment, Stem cell transplant in which the patient donates their cells from a “matched” donor can rebuild their supply of normal blood cells and their own immune system. Stem cells can be from the bloodstream, bone marrow, or from umbilical cord blood.
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