Nag Panchami is an annual Hindu festival practiced in most parts of India. It takes place in the month of Savan as per the traditional Hindu calendar, during the Shukla Paksha Panchami. Hence, the festival of Nag Panchami falls in the month of July or August as per the Gregorian calendar. This year in 2017, Nag Panchami will be observed on the 27th of July and will last till 28th of July. The festival of Nag Panchami takes place right after two days of the traditional Hindu festival of Hariyali Teej. The Tithi of Nag Panchami this year starts early morning at 7.01 a.m. on the 27th of July and will last until 6.38 a.m. on the 28th of July.
Nag Panchami is a festival that sees women praying for the well being of their brothers as well as other members in the family by worshipping and seeking the blessings of Nag Devta—that is the lord of the serpents, by offering milk to the snakes. ‘’Nag’’ in English means ‘’snakes.’’
According to beliefs of Hindu culture, the prayers addressed during Nag Panchmi to the snakes is certainly conveyed to the Nag Devta, and this is precisely why in Hinduism, snakes are worshipped, as they are believed to be the messengers of the Lord of Serpents. There is not just one lord of serpents, but there’s a list of them, among which the most prominent ones known and worshipped in Hindu culture include names like Shesha, Ananta, Vasuki, Padma, Ashvatara, Karkotaka, Kambala, Shankhapala, Dhritarashtra, Takshaka, Pingala, as well as Kaliya.
There are many devotees who choose to observe a fast before the day of Nag Panchami, and hence, that day is known as Nag Chaturthi. In many other parts of India, such as Gujarat, the festival is observed for a long tenure of 15 days after the main Nag Panchami is over.
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