Every year on the 16th of March, India observes National Vaccination Day. The day is also known as National Immunization Day, and the reason for 16th March to be the date this day is observed is the fact that on this very day in the year 1995, the first dose of oral vaccine against polio was given in India. The prime purpose behind celebration of National Vaccination Day is to make all people aware of arming against polio and eradicating it completely from the world. And hence, on this day, millions of children in India are given immunization against polio with the polio vaccine.
Through vaccination, a long list of preventive infectious diseases can be prevented, some of which are polio, measles, small pox, and tetanus, among others. Hence, the World Health Organization made it a point to make these effective vaccines available to the countries to eradicate the widespread of certain preventive infectious diseases. In the year 2011, the last case of Polio was reported in India and it was on the 27th of March in the year 2014, that India alongside 11 other countries from south-east Asia, which were, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Myanmar, Maldives, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, as well as Timor-Leste, were all certified as polio free nations.
The country of India as on today happens to have one of the largest vaccination programmes in the world, when it comes to the quantities of vaccines used, involvement of human resources, coverage of geographical areas, and also, the widespread of beneficiaries covered under these immunization programmes.
Among the most popular immunization programmes in India, one is the Pulse Polio Programme, and the other one is the Indradhanush programme launched in the month of December in 2014, with the sole mission of covering vaccination for all children in India, wherein pregnant women and children up to two years of age are given all important vaccinations free of cost, to ensure healthy early child development in the country.
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